What is Sclerotherapy?

Sclerotherapy is an injectable procedure to treat uncomplicated spider veins and uncomplicated reticular veins. The treatment involves injecting a “sclerosing” solution into the affected veins. Dermacare uses Asclera® for this treatment.

How does Asclera® work?

Asclera® is a sclerosing agent that is injected into the vein. It works by damaging the endothelium, the cells lining the inside of blood vessels. This causes blood platelets and cellular debris to attach to the lining of the vessels; eventually, cellular debris and platelets cause the blood vessel to clot. Over time, the clotted vein will be replaced with tissue.

What Asclera® Treats:

Asclera® (polidocanol) Injection is a prescription medicine that is used in a procedure called sclerotherapy and is used to treat two types of veins:

  • Spider veins (very small varicose veins ≤ 1 mm in diameter)
  • Small varicose veins (1 to 3 mm in diameter) known as reticular veins


Types of Veins Treated:

What are spider veins?

Spider veins are very small and very fine red or blue veins. They are closer to the surface of the skin than varicose veins. They can look like a thin red line, tree branches or spider webs. Spider veins can be found on the legs and face and may cover a small or large area.

What are reticular veins?

Reticular veins can also be known as feeder veins. They are the blue and green veins beneath the surface of the skin. Reticular veins enlarge because of increased pressure in the vein. You may have reticular veins alone but you may also have spider veins at the same time.

What are varicose veins?

Varicose veins are large blue, dark purple veins. They protrude from the skin and many times they have a cord-like appearance and may twist or bulge. Varicose veins are found most frequently on the legs.

What causes spider and reticular veins?

Spider and reticular veins can be caused by many factors including heredity, age, gender, pregnancy, being overweight or obesity, and prolonged standing or sitting. Other possible causes for varicose veins are race, posture, occupation, hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, primary valvular incompetence, and incompetent perforating veins.


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