Rosacea is a chronic skin condition most commonly characterized by flushing and blushing in the nose, cheeks, chin, and forehead. In some cases, pimples, swelling, and dilated blood vessels are seen. While is not “curable,” the right rosacea treatment can significantly improve symptoms.
The occasional outbreak of facial redness is natural. We all get flushed due to stress, sun exposure, and even too much heat. For women, a change in hormones can trigger days of “blushing” that might culminate in an acne breakout or fade on its own. For men, exposure to the elements – particularly as the weather transitions from summer to fall – can cause some rosy cheeks or a flushed nose. But consistent redness in the face, that’s different. It’s embarrassing and frustrating, and it could be a sign that you have rosacea.
Common Rosacea Symptoms
Anyone can develop rosacea. It’s more likely to occur in people with fair skin who smoke, are over 30, or have a family history of it. Women are more likely to develop the condition versus men, and people who experience sun damage have a higher risk factor.
The most common signs and symptoms of rosacea include:
- Facial Redness or Blushing: Persistent facial redness in the central part of the face, usually across the cheeks and nose, is a common symptom of rosacea. As the blood vessels in these areas swell, redness becomes more visible.
- Swollen Bumps: Pimples that resemble and are often mistaken as acne develop. Sometimes the bumps will contain puss, but they are often just red and visible. They can make the skin feel hot and tender.
- Eye Issues: More than 50% of rosacea sufferers have eye involvement. Chronic inflammation, irritation, swelling, and red or flushed eyelids are common manifestations of ocular rosacea. In some cases, eye problems appear before skin symptoms. People with ocular rosacea should follow-up with an ophthalmologist.
- Facial Swelling: In extreme cases, rosacea can thicken the skin and cause the nose to appear large or bulbous. This is more common in men than women.
The Cause of Rosacea
Experts don’t know what causes rosacea, but according to Medical News Today, they have identified factors that are thought to contribute:
- Pale Skin: People who have fair or pale skin are more likely to have rosacea.
- Abnormal Blood Vessels: Dermatologists suggest that abnormalities in facial blood vessels may be behind the persistent flushing and redness of rosacea. Thanks to these abnormalities, the blood vessels become visible due to inflammation, but the source of the inflammation is still unknown.
- Bacterial Element: Experts have discovered that a bacteria found in the gut called H. pylori can stimulate the production of bradykinin, which is known to cause blood vessels to dilate. It’s theorized the presence of this bacterium may contribute to the cause of rosacea.
- Increased Dermodex Folliculorum (DF): DF refers to a microscopic mite that lives on the skin. It generally doesn’t cause a problem, but people with rosacea tend to have more of these mites than people who don’t. Could the mites be a contributing cause? It’s possible, but experts don’t yet have an answer.
- Family History: It’s common for rosacea to run in the family, which indicates a genetic factor. If anyone in your immediate family has it, your chances of developing it are higher but not definitive.
Rosacea is known to have triggers that vary person to person. Identifying and avoiding triggers can help manage symptoms. Some of the most common include:
- Hot beverages and alcohol
- Hot or spicy foods
- Caffeine and dairy products
- Extreme temperatures
- Humidity, sunlight, and wind
- Hot baths, showers, and saunas
- Stress and anxiety
- Vigorous exercise
- Some medications
- Acute and chronic medical conditions
Identifying and limiting triggers is only half the battle. Successful treatment includes addressing the skin’s inflammation. Your doctor might prescribe medications and camouflaging creams to mask it, but you may find better relief at your local MedSpa.
MedSpas like Dermacare have been helping people with rosacea for years. Our recommended treatment approach is called BBL or broadband light therapy. FotoFacial BBL is our go-to rosacea treatment. The light energy kills bacteria in the skin, eliminates fine vessels that cause redness, and reduces inflammation, halting the progression of rosacea.
FotoFacial BBL isn’t a cure for rosacea, but it can effectively manage symptoms and reduce inflammation. In most cases, FotoFacial is used monthly until symptoms are under control. Maintenance is then recommended every two to four months depending on the individual. It’s also important to apply the right sunscreen regularly to aid in controlling symptoms. Our team of medical experts can help you choose the best skincare products and set up a customized BBL treatment.
For additional information on rosacea treatment options, contact us. You can also follow us on Facebook for more skincare tips and news.